Application notes

FACE MASKS

Characterisation of face masks with the POROLUX™ 100 briefly explains how the pore size distribution of surgical face masks and respirators can be measured using the ‘pressure scan’ method, as provided by the POROLUX™ 100 gas liquid porometer.

MEMBRANES

Gas Liquid Porometry (GLP) can be applied to the characterisation of polymeric and ceramic membranes for micro and ultra-filtration applications with pore sizes ranging from 500 μm down to 15 nm. Flat sheet, tubular and hollow fibres can be measured by using an appropriate sample holder. The figure on the right shows the wet, dry and half dry curves of a full porometry test of a flat sheet commercial polymeric membrane used in water treatment. 

NONWOVENS

GLP measurements of melt blown and spun bound materials, were carried out by using a POROLUX™ 100 porometer. The POROLUX™ 100 is specially designed for nonwoven characterisation and it is based on the pressure scan method. The method is fast and typically generates very reproducible results, which makes the POROLUX™ 100 very suited for quality control.


HOLLOW FIBRES

The characterisation of hollow fibre membranes by capillary flow porometry can be challenging, given the fact that the samples might burst or collapse under pressure. The POROLUX™ 1000 has a specially designed Sample Holder for Hollow Fibres (SHHF) which permits attaching the hollow fibres in two different ways, depending on the direction of the gas flow (inside-out or outside-in).

BATTERY SEPARATORS

The structure and properties of the separator are very important because they affect the battery performance (energy and power density, cycle life and safety) to great extent. Therefore, an accurate characterisation of the pore size distribution and the permeability of the separator is fundamental to understand how it works and to identify routes of improvement. This is how our POROLUX™ 1000 porometer can help.

POROUS ROCKS

GLP has proven to be a promising and environmentally friendly alternative to mercury injection porosimetry for petrophysics applications. It permits obtaining several parameters and information with good accuracy and reproducibility in one individual and fast measurement, reducing the measuring time from several hours to minutes. The POROLUX™ 1000 has been used successfully to measure flow relevant parameters of cretaceous sandstones.

PAPER

The POROLUX™ 200 has been optimised for the pressure range between 1-5 bar (0.64 μm-0.128 μm) and it is specially indicated for paper testing. Different paper types (printing paper, cigarette, etc.) have been characterised with a POROLUX™ 200.