POROLIQ™ 1000 series

The POROLIQ™ 1000 is a Liquid Liquid Porometer (LLP). This rapid, precise method employed by the POROLIQ™ 1000 allows for testing of pore size down to 2nm and, compared to other techniques, uses lower pressures for characterisation of traditional micro-, nano-porous materials.

HOW DOES THE POROLIQ™ 1000 WORK?

It is the first LLP equipment based on a pressure driven concept, which guarantees the maximum accuracy, especially when measuring pore sizes in the submicron range.

A measurement consists first of complete saturation of the porous membrane with a wetting liquid. The subsequent displacement of the wetting liquid from the pores is achieved by a second, immiscible liquid (displacement liquid). The pressure (P) required to expel the wetting liquid out of the pore depends on its diameter (D) as expressed by the Young-Laplace equation P=4*γ*cos θ/D , where γ is the interfacial tension betwen the wetting and displacement liquid. Typical interfacial tension values lie between 0.35 and 4 mN/m. This allows pores as small as 2 nm to be probed or, in comparison to traditional gas liquid porometry, for the use of more moderate pressures to test traditional submicron pore size ranges.

By measuring the flow rate of liquid thorugh the sample, a complete pore size distribution can be obtained.

THE MOST ACCURATE LLP ON THE MARKET

  • Based on the pressure step/stability method: a data point is only recorded when the user-defined stability algorithms are met for both pressure and flow.
  • Detects the opening of a pore at a certain pressure and waits until all pores of the same diameter are completely opened before accepting a data point.
  • The POROLIQ™ 1000AQ uses a combination of three ultrasensitive liquid flow sensors to measure exactly and accurately flow rates from 0.16 μl/min (to detect the displacement of wetting liquid out of the pores from the very beginning).
  • Ideal for full characterization of hollow fibers at low pressures.
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
PARAMETERS MEASURED
OPERATING SOFTWARE
SPECIFICATIONSPOROLIQ™ 1000AQPOROLIQ™ 1000ML
Measuring principlePressure drivenPressure driven
Max pressure40 bar40 bar
Measurement range0.3 µm - 2 nm1 µm - 2 nm
Flow range0.16 µl - 10 ml/min1 µl - 10 ml/min
Sample holdersFlat sheet 25 mm diameter
Hollow fibre
Flat sheet 25 mm diameter
Hollow fibre
Special sample holdersAvailable upon requestAvailable upon request
Pressure sensors50 bar50 bar
Displacement liquidWaterMultiple liquids

Automatic switch between the pressure sensors and the flow meters during a measurement
− The best sensor is automatically selected to optimise the accuracy and resolution in the full pressure and flow range

  • First Flow Point (FFP) size,flow and pressure
  • Pore size flow distribution
  • Mean Flow Pore (MFP) size and pressure
  • Total pore number
  • Smallest Pore Size (SP) pressure and number
  • Total pore area (% and μm²)
  • Mean Pore Diameter (MPD) and pressure
  • Liquid permeability
  • Cumulative flow distribution
  • LabVIEW™ software for data acquisition and instrument control with intuitive selection of all analysis parameters
  • Universally available PLC technology (National Instruments) with own runtime system
  • Easy export of results to Excel, Word and pdf file
  • Windows compatible
  • Advanced service menu facilitates diagnosis and service via Internet